second hard drive not showing up

Second Hard Drive Not Showing Up on Windows? Here are 11 Ways to Fix it

Attaching a second onerous drive is an efficient technique of extending area in your laptop. But, the additional drive not exhibiting up on Windows isn’t such a uncommon drawback.

Since your laptop has an already put in main onerous drive, the BIOS configuration could cause detection issues for the second drive. Or disk driver points are additionally one thing accountable, to not point out connection points and drive letter project points.

How to Fix Second Hard Drive Not Showing Up Issue

Before shifting on to options, you must make sure the connection between your second onerous drive and laptop is sweet. Then, you’ll be able to strive the given options:

Enable from BIOS

BIOS, your laptop’s firmware, can act as a swap to allow or disable connected I/O gadgets. And BIOS have settings to auto-detect such drives when booting.

The first onerous drive related to your laptop can be configured because the Primary onerous drive, and any subsequent can be the Secondary one. So, be sure you have the best settings configured.

  1. Restart your laptop and earlier than it begins, press the BIOS key (Function keys like F2 or F8 usually) continuously.
  2. Once the BIOS masses, Go to the CMOS setup class.
    cmos setup
  3. Choose Auto for all choices.

If the listing doesn’t encompass your second disk, guarantee correct connection of the disk with the pc.

Check Connection

HDD connections
HDD Connecting wires

Interruption between the bodily connection of Hard drive and laptop also can trigger the mentioned situation. Faulty ports, cables, and even slots will be the precise purpose behind the interruption.

To make sure that isn’t the difficulty, attempt to reconnect the cables and if essential, reseat the gadget correctly. You also can use completely different units of cables.

Using a unique slot of your laptop would make it easier to slim down the difficulty even additional. Then if the issue persists, join the onerous drive to a different PC. If it really works on one other laptop, BIOS could have been misconfigured. 

Reset BIOS

The misconfiguration of BIOS may be mounted by resetting the BIOS settings to default manufacturing facility settings. The precise steps for BIOS differ in line with the motherboard. However, normal steps would come with:

  1. Enter BIOS by continuously urgent BIOS key whereas beginning up your laptop.
  2. Go to Reset BIOS or Restore Default throughout the BIOS menu.
  3. Press the instructed key and comply with the onscreen steps to Reset BIOS.

Hardware Troubleshooter

You can apply a fast repair by operating the Windows {hardware} and gadgets troubleshooter. It would robotically scan and resolve fixable points for any related {hardware} gadget, together with the second onerous drive. 

  1. Open Run with Windows + R.
  2. Type msdt.exe -id DeviceDiagnostic and hit Enter to open troubleshooter.
  3. Click on the Next button and comply with the onscreen directions to finish.

Fix Driver Issues

Then, the primary software program drawback that you must attempt to resolve can be associated to the disk driver. Windows working system tries to speak along with your onerous drive utilizing driver software program but when it’s outdated or corrupted, drive detection points will come up.

  1. Press Windows + R to open Run.
  2. Type devmgmt.msc and press Enter key to open Device Manager.
  3. Double-click and increase the Disk drives.
  4. Right-click on the disk driver and select Update driver.
  5. Select Search robotically for drivers and let Windows do its job.

But, if no replace is accessible, or the replace didn’t repair your situation, you’ll be able to attempt to reinstall the driver.

  1. Open Device Manager.
  2. Expand the Disk drives class and right-click on the motive force.
  3. Choose Uninstall gadget.
  4. Click on the Uninstall button to verify.
  5. Now, click on on the Action menu on the prime and choose Scan for {hardware} adjustments.

The second disk’s driver ought to reappear. 

Rescan Disks 

Scanning a brand new piece of {hardware} connected to the system is an computerized means of Windows. But generally, it might not do, so you’ll be able to manually scan and detect your onerous drive from the Disk Management utility.

  1. Open Run with Windows + R.
  2. Type diskmgmt.msc and hit Enter to open Disk Management.
  3. Click on the Action Menu and Choose Rescan Disks.
    Rescan disks

Initialize Disk

If the disk is seen in Disk Management however not in Windows Explorer, likelihood is the disk itself isn’t initialized. It is feasible if the onerous drive is new or lately formatted. To repair it, you’ll be able to initialize the disk.

  1. Open Run and go to Disk Management.
  2. Right-click on the Disk and decide Online.
  3. And right-click on it once more and select Initialize.
  4. Select GPT partition type and hit Ok.

Allocate the Drive Space

After initializing the disk, the following step can be to create a quantity inside it so, that the area lists on Windows Explorer. It would even be useful for already initialized Hard disk having unallocated area marked:

  1. Then, right-click on the unallocated area of your second onerous drive and select New Simple Volume…
    new simple volume
  2. Hit the Next button to proceed.
  3. Enter any desired measurement, or let it stay as default for your entire area throughout the drive and hit Next.
  4. Pick a Drive letter from the drop-down menu and click on the Next button.
  5. You can choose the specified File system, allocation unit measurement from respective drop-downs and in addition enter a label on your quantity. Or, click on on the Next button with the defaults.
  6. Hit the Finish button to finish.

Now as an alternative of exhibiting unallocated area, the area must be proven New Volume together with the drive letter, its measurement and the file system (NTFS by default).

Note: These steps will take away all the information inside your onerous drive, so it’s not really useful in case your drive has essential information.

Assign Drive Letter

If the difficulty wasn’t of the motive force or unallocated area, Windows is perhaps experiencing a drive letter project drawback. The working system must assign some drive letter to your onerous drive partition/quantity so as to present it up in Windows explorer. 

The course of must be computerized, however in uncommon instances, Windows won’t assign any drive letter. To resolve the difficulty,

  1. Open Disk Management.
  2. Right-click in your drive and select Change Drive Letter and Paths…
  3. Click on the Add button if the drive hasn’t been assigned with any drive letter. Choose the Change button if it’s got one.
  4. Select the specified drive letter (the lowest-ordered alphabetical letter like D, E, F, and so forth., can be higher) from the drop-down.
  5. Hit the OK button after which OK once more.

Format Data and Recover Drive

Accessing the onerous drive generally turns into unimaginable whether it is corrupted with unhealthy sectors and partitions. So, you’ll have to format it first to make it usable. But, after formatting, the information inside it’s gone? Not in any respect; even after formatting the drive or deleting every thing from the drive, it is possible for you to to get better information except you may have overwritten it.

To format the drive, open diskmgmt.msc and comply with the steps beneath:

  1. Right-click in your onerous drive and select Format…
  2. Let the settings stay default or configure it as desired and hit OK.
  3. Click on OK once more to verify the immediate.

Now, to get better the formatted information, open-source software program referred to as Test disk can be utilized. Download it from their web site and proceed with the steps beneath:

  1. Right-click the zip file and choose Extract All…
  2. Hit the Browse… button and select a location, and hit Extract.
  3. Now go to the extracted folder, and open testdisk_win.exe.
  4. Click on the Run button after which Yes to verify.
  5. Enter to create a log file.
  6. Use the up/down arrow keys to pick the onerous drive and press Enter.
  7. Pick the Partition desk kind or proceed with the detected one.
  8. Hit Enter with the Analyse possibility after which Quick Search.
  9. After it scans, press P to search for information throughout the proven partition.
  10. Select the file to get better with the up/down arrow and hit the C key to repeat.
  11. Choose a listing and hit Y to stick. (keep away from shifting to the identical onerous drive)
  12. Copy performed message means restoration is profitable.
  13. Continue the identical with all of the required information.

Other third-party paid software program would supply GUI expertise and are additionally in a position to get better listing buildings.


If the onerous drive doesn’t present up in any occasion, it is perhaps bodily damaged. But repairing by yourself received’t be potential should you haven’t acquired hardware-related experience. So, visiting a restore middle or contacting a technician is really useful.

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