How to upgrade laptop's Storage

Learn how to Improve Laptop computer’s Storage (SSD and HDD)

If you end up operating out of cupboard space, then you will have so as to add a secondary drive or substitute your older drive with a bigger capability drive. Fortuitously, upgrading the cupboard space is a straightforward activity and doesn’t take an excessive amount of effort. 

Within the article under, we briefly look into HDD, SDD, and the shape components they use. Thereafter, we define the strategy of putting in the drive of your selecting into your laptop computer.

When to Improve Laptop computer’s Storage

Folks generally need to improve their laptop computer’s storage for the next causes:

  • HDD/SSD is operating out of house.
  • HDD/SSD is previous and malfunctioning.
  • Improve from an HDD to SSD.

Varieties of Storage Areas, Interfaces, and Kind Components

In the case of upgrading your laptop computer’s storage, the selection comes all the way down to the kind of drive that you simply need to improve to, its type issue, and the interface that’s used to attach it to the motherboard. 

In case you don’t know what these are, we now have introduced a concise description under.

Varieties of Storage Gadgets

Trendy storage gadgets are both electro-mechanically pushed laborious drives, or stable state drives.

Mechanical Laborious Drive


Mechanical drives retailer and retrieve knowledge utilizing magnetic storage. They’ve rotating platters on a spindle and use a magnetic head on a transferring actuator arm to entry the bodily location of the information, recognized as observe and sector. 

As a result of accessing knowledge requires a mechanical motion, they’ve a comparatively excessive search latency (sometimes 2 ms – 12 ms). Information switch charges are additionally restricted by the velocity at which the spindle spins. 

Most laborious drives normally are available in 5400 rpm or 7200 rpm speeds, though 10000 rpm and 12000 rpm laborious drives additionally exist. Greater the spin velocity, the better the information switch charge.

Strong State Drive

different ssd connections

Strong State Drives (SSD) use NAND flash modules to retailer and entry knowledge. As a result of the information is dealt with utilizing an built-in circuit, SSDs have a lot decrease latency for learn, write, and delete operations (sometimes <0.1 ms). Additionally they don’t undergo from mechanical put on and tear.

Producers and customers alike desire an SSD over a mechanical drive for his or her major drive lately. Nevertheless, giant measurement SSDs, particularly ones over 1 TB in measurement, can nonetheless be cost-prohibitive for many customers even at this time. 

We advocate that you simply fastidiously think about the professionals and cons of HDD vs SSD and make an appropriate resolution in your laptop computer’s storage improve.

Storage System Interfaces and Kind Issue

The tactic of connecting a storage system to the motherboard known as its interface. Interfaces differ not solely in bodily type and form, but in addition of their bandwidth capability. Interfaces additionally dictate the shape issue of the storage system being connected.



Most trendy drives use the Serial ATA (SATA) interface to hook up with the motherboard. This consists of all mechanical laborious drives and in addition some SSD drives. 

The SATA interface makes use of a 15 pin energy connector and a 7 pin knowledge connector. You’ll join a 2.5” type issue drive utilizing the SATA interface.

The newest revision to SATA commonplace is SATA III, which helps a most knowledge switch charge of 600 MB/s.


insert m.2 ssd

M.2 interface is employed for internally mounted storage gadgets. Technically talking, the M.2 commonplace is a mounting specification that may make the most of both the PCIe, SATA or USB interfaces.

Most trendy M.2 gadgets conform to NVMe specs, which make the most of PCIe bus for knowledge switch.

M.2 gadgets are rectangular, seem like a RAM stick, and connect with the M.2 slot utilizing an edge connector. They’re secured in place utilizing a single-mount screw on the alternative finish to the sting connector.

Trendy M.2 NVMe drives utilizing a PCIe 5.0 interface can attain velocity upto 13,800 MB/s. Present gen PCIe 3.0 and 4.0 drives are able to round 2,400 MB/s and 6,900 MB/s respectively.

Inner and Exterior Drives

Inner drives are storage media which might be put in inside your laptop computer. These drives, as soon as put in, stay throughout the laptop computer housing and also you gained’t be capable to bodily entry them with out eradicating the again panel or improve compartment of your laptop computer.

Generally, you would possibly need to improve the cupboard space with out eradicating or changing your laptop computer’s inside drive. In such instances, you could have the choice to acquire an exterior storage system (both HDD or SSD).

The precise storage media in an exterior drives are the identical as those you’d use for inside drives. They are often both a mechanical HDD that’s internally linked to a SATA interface, or an SSD that makes use of SATA or NVME M.2 interface, seated inside an enclosure. The enclosure makes use of a USB or thunderbolt interface to hook up with your laptop computer.

Upgrading System Storage

As a prerequisite to making ready your laptop computer for an improve, you need to first discover out your improve choices. If you’re changing your major storage system, you need to think about cloning the present system. You possibly can additionally merely add a secondary drive to increase cupboard space.

Thereafter, both procure a SATA III or M.2 NVMe drive for upgrading your laptop computer’s storage after which comply with the respective strategies outlined under to put in it in your laptop computer.

M.2 drives set up:

  1. Shutdown laptop computer and take away the again panel (or the growth compartment) to entry the M.2 slot.
    Laptop Back Panel Opened
  2. Insert the sting connector to the M.2 slot in your motherboard
    install M.2
  3. Fasten the single-connector screw on the different finish.
  4. Shut the again panel and boot your laptop computer.

SATA drive set up:

  1. Shut down the laptop computer and take away the again panel (or the growth compartment) to seek out the two.5” hdd bay.
  2. Unscrew the empty drive bay (or take away the one that’s already put in).
    Remove SATA SSD
  3. Insert the SATA storage system whereas aligning the screw holes within the drive with the holes or rail within the bay.
    Insert SATA
  4. Screw the drive to the bay securely.
  5. Insert the SATA cable to the slot within the motherboard.
  6. Shut the again panel and activate the laptop computer.

Word that you simply won’t be able to put in a drive bigger than 2 TB on techniques that boot on a 32-bit model of Home windows or that run in legacy BIOS mode. If such is your case, improve to the 64-bit model of Home windows and boot in UEFI mode.

Putting in Exterior Drives

Exterior drives are enclosed in a separate housing. You have to to attach them to your laptop computer utilizing a thunderbolt or USB cable. They’re plug and play gadgets so that you gained’t want to fret about set up to begin utilizing one.

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