Password protect external hard drive

How to Password Protect an External Hard Drive

To defend your information and keep away from unauthorized entry to your exhausting drives, it’s essential to set a robust protecting barrier. Maintaining sturdy passwords could be one such barrier. 

Passwords can be utilized in your exhausting drive to supply a sure degree of safety on your knowledge. When password safety and knowledge encryption work collectively, the information in your exhausting drive can develop into safer.

Thus at the moment, we will talk about how you should use password safety in your exterior exhausting drive and safeguard the information inside it with knowledge encryption.

Password Protect External Hard Drive on Windows, Mac, and Linux

It is well-known {that a} password alone can’t defend your drive. Hackers can simply break the protocol that has set the password. 

This is the place encryption is useful. Encryption converts your knowledge into an unreadable kind often called the cipher textual content and in addition assigns it a key. The secret’s required when the consumer or receiver needs to decrypt the information once more. Bypassing the password won’t give the recipient any entry to the information. As a outcome, it provides a brand new layer of safety to the information.

There are varied GUI and command line utilities that can be utilized to encrypt and password-protect the exhausting drive. You may even use third-party functions for this goal. However, on this article, we’ll simply advocate pre-installed encryptors on Windows, Mac, and Linux working programs.

On Windows 

There are a number of third-party choices on Windows to guard your External Hard drive. However, Bitlocker is probably the most trusted amongst all, which comes pre-installed on Windows. 

Using BitLocker to Encrypt External Hard Drive

Bitlocker is a helpful utility on Windows that can be utilized to encrypt the drives on the gadget and defend the information within the drives from unauthorized entry. 

BitLocker makes use of AES Encryption with a block measurement of 128 or 256-bit key algorithm to guard your knowledge. This algorithm converts the blocks of information and combines them as a ciphertext. AES makes use of a single key to encrypt and decrypt the information. This makes the encryption so sturdy that it will possibly maintain any assaults in your knowledge and defend it.

Here’s easy methods to use this to password-protect the exterior exhausting drive.

  1. Plug the exterior HDD to your Windows gadget.
  2. Press Windows Key + I to open the Windows Settings.
  3. Go to System > Storage.
    Storage settings
  4. Click on Advanced storage settings.Advanced storage settings
  5. Select Disk and Volumes.
     Disk and volumes settings
  6. Find the Drive you wish to encrypt and click on on its Properties button.Hard drive properties
  7. Click on Turn on BitLocker.
    Turn on Bitlocker
  8. Again, click on on Turn on Bitlocker. Turn On Bitlocker from control Panel
  9. Check the choice Enter a passwordenter a password
  10. Set a password for the drive and click on on Nextcreate password
  11. You will likely be requested for a location to again up the restoration key. Choose the backup medium and click on on NextChoose a backup medium,
  12. Choose the Encryption mode. It is really useful that you simply select the Compatible mode for the exterior drive. Compatible mode
  13. Click on the Start Encryption button.

Once the encryption is completed, The BitLocker will lock the drive, and any consumer accessing the protected drive should enter the beforehand set password. 

Note: BitLocker encryption is barely obtainable on Windows 10 & 11 professional and enterprise version. You wont discover it on the Home version.

Disable BitLocker Encryption

If you don’t require password safety for the drive, you may also disable the bitlocker encryption. Here’s easy methods to do it.

  1. Plugin the exterior drive into the Windows gadget.
  2. Press Windows key + X and open Terminal (Admin) to launch the command immediate with administrative privileges.
  3. Now execute this command.
    manage-bde -off <Drive letter>disable bitlocker from the cmd
  4. This command will decrypt the exterior drive.
  5. On PowerShell, you should use this command to do the identical factor. 
    Disable-BitLocker -MountPoint "<Drive Letter>" Disable bitlocker from powershell

On Mac 

You can use the Disk Utility app to encrypt the exterior drive on Mac. The draw back of this app is that it erases the information contained in the drive earlier than encrypting it. Therefore, it’s suggested to again up the information earlier than performing encryption. 

  1. Connect the exterior drive to the Computer. 
  2. Click on the launchpad icon and seek for Disk Utility.
  3. Launch the app.Disk Utility on MAC
  4. Select the exterior drive from the checklist of volumes.
  5. Click on Erase button and identify the Drive.set Name
  6. Click on the Scheme pop-up menu and choose GUID Partition Map.
  7. Now, click on on the Format pop-up menu and choose select an encrypted file system.
    Set file system
  8. Set a password for the drive after which click on on Choose.Set Password
  9. At final, Click on Erase

On Linux 

On Linux, there are a number of instruments you should use to password-protect an exterior drive. However, the GNOME disk utility offers probably the most handy strategy to do it with its simple GUI-based interface. This utility comes pre-installed on Ubuntu. 

Here’s easy methods to encrypt the exterior Hard drive and add a password to it on Linux. We have used the Ubuntu distro for this. The course of for drive encryption is comparable for all different Linux distros.  

  1. Go to the Application menu, seek for Disks and open it. gnome disk utility
  2. On the left panel of the applying window, you will notice a listing of your Drives. 
  3. Select the External Drive.
  4. Click on the Settings button.
  5. Name the Volume.
  6. Select the Internal disk to be used with Linux programs solely (Ext4) after which click on on Password defend quantity (LUKS)Encrypt on linux
  7. Click on Next.
  8. Now, set a password and Click on Next
  9. Finally, Click on Format.
  10. This course of will erase the exterior drive and encrypt it for you. 
  11. When you go to the File Manager to open the drive, it would ask you for a password to entry it. 

Note: Before encrypting the exterior exhausting drive, make sure the information are backed up. Also, the drive encrypted by the Gnome Disk utility will solely run on Linux units and can’t be accessed from different working system platforms. 

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